The rationale and goals for the Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, and Practice in Psychology
Research, training, practice, and organizational change for Psychologists reflect the continuing evolution of the study of psychology, changes in society-at-large, and emerging data about the different needs for particular individuals and groups historically marginalized or disenfranchised within and by psychology based on their ethnic/racial heritage and social group identity or membership. These Guidelines reflect knowledge and skills needed for the profession in the midst of dramatic historic sociopolitical changes in U.S. society, as well as needs from new constituencies, markets, and clients. The specific goals of these Guidelines are to provide psychologists with: (a) the rationale and needs for addressing multiculturalism and diversity in education, training, research, practice, and organizational change; (b) basic information, relevant terminology, current empirical research from psychology and related disciplines, and other data that support the proposed guidelines and underscore their importance; (c) references to enhance on-going education, training, research, practice, and organizational change methodologies; and (d) paradigms that broaden the purview of psychology as a profession.
The Guidelines for Multicultural Education and Training reflect the ongoing commitment of psychology to address the changes in society and the emerging information regarding the different needs and experiences of marginalization by various groups based on racial heritage and/or aspects of cultural identity (APA, 2002).
The notion of “guidelines” refers to statements that suggest or advise a particular set of behaviors or conduct. Thus, the guidelines, different from the APA standards, are not mandatory. However the guidelines are for the purpose of fostering the continued development of multicultural competence by psychologist and the field of psychology.
The specific goals of the Guidelines are to provide: a) rationale for addressing multiculturalism in education, training, research, practice, and organizational change; b) general information that support the guidelines and emphasize the importance of said guidelines; c) references and other information to assist in the on-going infusing of these guidelines in education, training, research, practice, and organizational change; and d) paradigms that widen the scope of understanding and competence of psychology as a field.
American Psychological Association. (2002). Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists. Washington, DC: Author.