Kim, H. N. & Shim, Y. J. (2004). The benefit of cochlear implantation in high-
frequency aided impairment: language and cognitive improvements in a
3-year-old child. Cochlear Implants International: An Interdisciplinary
Journal, 5, 98-99.
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on the benefit of cochlear implantation in high-frequency aided impairment. Even though speech and language, cognitive ability as well as speech-recognition ability are affected by the degrees of aided pure tone thresholds, no definite evidence regarding these measures nor any guidelines regarding the degree of aided pure tone thresholds have been reported concerning candidacy for cochlear implantation. For the evaluation of cognitive abilities, the scores of the four subtests of the Korean version of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, namely, sequential processing scale, simultaneous processing scale, mental processing composite and achievement scale were used.
Shim, Y. J., Kim, H. N., Chung, M. H., Lee, H., & Choi, J. Y. (2004). Relationship
between cognitive abilities and language development in children with
cochlear implants. Cochlear Implants International: An Interdisciplinary
Journal, 5, 143-145.
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on the relationship between cognitive abilities and language development in children with cochlear implants. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between the cognitive abilities and language developments in children with cochlear implants between the ages of 2.5 and 12.5, the age ranges of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. Hearing impairment decreases cognitive abilities, and use of cochlear implants recovers them. As the cognitive scores increase, the amount of language delays decrease in each of the five subtests.
Shim, Y. J., Kim, H. N., Chung, M. H., Lee, H., Choi, J. Y., & Yoo, J. B. (2004).
The evaluation of cognitive abilities in persons with cochlear implants.
Cochlear Implants International: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 5, 105-107.
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on the evaluation of cognitive abilities in persons with cochlear implants. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of the cognitive abilities in the cochlear implantees; and to investigate the usefulness of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children in the evaluation of the cochlear implantees. During the test, children were permitted to lip-read and to hear through their cochlear implants. Mispronunciations were counted as correct, except for the reading test, where some of the pronunciation.
Shim, Y. J. (2004). YUMC protocol of rehabilitation in cochlear implantees.
Cochlear Implants International: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 5, 138-140.
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on the Yonsei University Medical College (YUMC) protocol of rehabilitation in cochlear implantees. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the rehabilitative procedures and new applications for cochlear implant program in YUMC in Seoul, Korea. New applications include the modified Neural Response Telemetry (NRT) strategy yielding T-NRTs similar to subjective T-levels, computerized system of speech recognition tests, Kaufman Assessment Batteries for Children, a new method of consonant classification, new strategies of speech correction for the prelingual congenitally deafened children and adult implantees.
Moon, S-B., McLean, J. E., & Kaufman, A. S. (2003). A cross-cultural
validation of the sequential-simultaneous theory of intelligence in children.
School Psychology International, 24(4), 449-461.
ABSTRACT: The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children-Korean (K-ABC-K) was developed to assess the intelligence and achievement of preschool and school-aged Korean children. This study examined the validity of the Sequential Processing, Simultaneous Processing and Achievement scales of the K-ABC-K using the technique of principal factor analysis. The K-ABC-K is not just a simple translation, but an adaptation of the K-ABC for Korean children. The subjects of the study included 2,400 children from The K-ABC-K standardization sample, ranging in age from 2.5 to 12.5 years. Factor analysis of the ten Mental Processing and six Achievement subtests yielded three factors for ages 4 and above. As was true for the American K-ABC, only two factors emerged for ages 2.5 and 3. In general, the factor analyses provided strong support for the construct validity of the K-ABC-K and supported common underlying mental constructs for Korean and American children.
Moon, S-B., Byun, C-J., McLean, J. E., & Kaufman, A. S. (1994). Sequential-
Simultaneous profile analysis of Korean children's performance on the
Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC). Research in the
Schools, 1(2), 29-35.
ABSTRACT: Korean children (n=440) aged 2.5 to 12.5 years were tested with the Korean version of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) (A. Kaufman and N. Kaufman, 1983) to see if these children demonstrated a profile similar to that of Japanese children. Korean children scored higher on the Sequential Scale than Japanese children, and had a strong ability for number recall, relative to Americans.
Yang, H. K., Chungh, D. S., & Hwang, J. M. (2012). The effect of general
anesthesia and strabismus surgery on the intellectual abilities of
children: a pilot study. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 153(4),
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of general anesthesia and strabismus surgery on children's intellectual abilities.
DESIGN: Prospective, observational study.
METHODS: Settings: Institutional. Patients: Children 5 to 10 years of age receiving general anesthesia with sevoflurane and undergoing strabismus surgery were included. Intellectual abilities were examined before and 4 weeks after surgery using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. Four subtests representing intellectual abilities related to complex cortical function were examined: identification of objects in a partially completed picture, reproduction of a presented design by using rubber triangles, selecting a picture that completes or is similar to another picture, and memory for location of pictures presented on a page. Main outcome measures: Preoperative and postoperative age-adjusted scores of the 4 subtests of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children.
RESULTS: The study group consisted of 21 children who underwent strabismus surgery under general anesthesia (mean duration, 51.3 minutes). The mean preoperative total score of the 4 subtests was 49.4 ± 6.2. The mean postoperative total score adjusted for potential learning effects and test-retest reliability was 48.1 ± 7.7. There was no significant postoperative change in the total score (P = .108). However, the triangle test score decreased significantly after operation (P = .019), particularly in patients with decreased stereoacuity after surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: General anesthesia with sevoflurane and strabismus surgery generally do not affect the intellectual abilities of complex cortical function in children 5 to 10 years of age at 4 weeks after surgery. Cortical functions related to hand-eye coordination may be affected by transient changes in postoperative stereoacuity.